VITAJTE NA WEB STRÁNKACH KATEDRY GEOGRAFIE A REGIONÁLNEHO ROZVOJA FPV UKF V NITRE
VITAJTE NA WEB STRÁNKACH KATEDRY GEOGRAFIE A REGIONÁLNEHO ROZVOJA FPV UKF V NITRE

Mentálna mapa v geografickej kognitívnej konštrukcii

Mental Map in a Geographic Cognitive Structure

Rastislav Čief, Branislav Nižnanský

In: Geografické informácie (Geographical Information), Ročník (Volume) 22, Číslo (Issue) 1, 2018, p. 8-22, ISSN 1337-9453

DOI: 10.17846/GI.2018.22.1.8-22

Abstract

Basic Geographical Education Documents within the School Subject Geography in the Czech and Slovak Republics draw upon the establishment of independent States of the Common Heritage of Czechoslovakia. Twenty-five years after the split, the community of Czech and Slovak geographic and geographic education experts are inspired and often meet at professional events. The article focuses on a description of content standards for geographic education. We focus on a model of geographic thinking that we call a geographic cognitive structure. From our point of view, concepts become geographic in terms of a concept integrated from the mental spatial concepts that individuals acquire through the direct perception of the landscape during its activities in it or indirectly with the work with information objects. We propose corrections of concept and model education models that focus students 'and teachers' attention on concepts, their support for facts and, in particular, geographic contexts, context of interactions and elements placement. We demonstrate the corrections in the example of the analysis of the potential of the thematic areas in terms of spatial differentiation.

Keywords: geographical cognitive structure, mental map, mental spatial concepts, concept, conceptual basis, conceptual design, conceptual scheme, landscape perception

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